Castle on Kastellholmen (Stockholm, Sweden), Image via Wikipedia
The Kingdom of Sweden is in northern Europe, located in the Scandinavian Peninsula, between Finland and Norway. Sweden's sea borders are with the Baltic Sea, the Gulf of Bothnia, Kattegat and Skagerrak. Sweden has many islands; the largest is Gotland. The Oresund Fixed Link connects Sweden with Denmark.
Stockholm is the capital city and a major port. Gothenburg, Sweden's second city is also a port. Other ports and harbours are Gavle, Halmstad, Helsingborg, Hudiksvall, Kalmar, Karlshamn, Malmo, Solvesborg and Sundsvall.
Sweden is divided into twenty-one counties: Blekinge, Dalarnas, Gavleborgs, Gotlands, Hallands, Jamtlands, Jonkopings, Kalmar, Kronobergs, Norrbottens, Orebro, Skane, Ostergotlands, Sodermanlands, Stockholms, Uppsala, Varmlands, Vasterbottens, Vasternorrlands, Vastmanlands and Vastra Gotalands. The Kolen mountain range forms a natural boundary between Sweden and Norway. There are central lowlands and a southern plain.
The climate is temperate in the south and sub-arctic in the north.
Environment Sweden has a long coastline, sandy beaches and many lakes. Forests and woodlands cover a large percentage of the country. Trees include ash, beech, birch, oak, maple, pine, and spruce.
A significant percentage of Sweden's environment is protected. There are a number of National Parks. Kristianstads Vattenrike, located in Skane, and the Lake Torne Area, north of the Arctic Circle, are UNESCO Man and Biosphere Reserves. Over fifty areas are Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance.