Sri Lanka (/sril?k?, -?læ?k?/ or i/?ri?-/; Sinhala: ? ?, ?r? la?k?va, Tamil: , ila?kai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in the northern Indian Ocean off the southern coast of the Indian subcontinent in South Asia; known until 1972 as Ceylon (/sl?n? se?-? si?-/), Sri Lanka has maritime borders with India to the northwest and the Maldives to the southwest.